Understanding the Basics of Air Conditioning

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Understanding the Basics of Air Conditioning

Before you get started, it is helpful to understand the basics of AC. You should understand the components, the diagram, and the classification. Ultimately, understanding AC can help you make an informed decision. You should also know how much power a system needs to run. If you don’t understand the basics of AC, you may be putting yourself at risk of a disastrous outcome.

Refrigerant Gasses

It is essential for refrigeration plants to monitor the quantity of refrigerant gasses used in the cooling process, especially as the gasses are highly combustible in the presence of pure oxygen. This makes monitoring these gasses a vital requirement for compliance with legislation. Tecnosens offers an extensive range of F-Gas sensing elements for this purpose.

Its TGS2630 and TGS832-F01 sensors are semiconductor-based and have low conductivity in air and high conductivity in the presence of the target gas. Once the sensor detects a change in temperature or level, an electronic circuit is used to convert the increment into a signal. When the system is running, the refrigerant first changes from a liquid to a gas.

As the pressure increases, the molecules of the gas get closer to each other, creating high pressure. The refrigerant then travels to the condenser, a part of the system that is located

outside the home. Then, the gas is cooled by fans inside the condenser. Once the temperature of the home is reached, the refrigerant settles back down to its liquid state.

Regulators are constantly reviewing the impact of refrigerant gasses on the environment. In Europe, the latest norm, DPR 146/2018, specifies the classification of F-Gasses and limits their use in cooling systems. As a result, cooling technicians are constantly challenged to find new, safer refrigerants and lower their environmental impact.


In order to properly cool your home, it is important to understand the different components of an AC system. The primary components of an AC system are the refrigerant, compressor, evaporator, and condenser coil. These components work together to create cooling and heating. The thermostat controls the temperature, and the evaporator absorbs heat and cools the air.

The electrical components of an AC system are also very important. They help maintain the temperature and minimize energy costs. These components include wiring, capacitors, and control systems. Capacitors are very important because they absorb electricity from the main power supply.

Capacitors are efficient power sources and are often used in combination with other parts of an AC system. Capacitors are usually equipped with a start capacitor and a run capacitor. The start capacitor is responsible for starting the motor while the run capacitor keeps the motor running throughout the cooling cycle.

The main function of an air conditioner is to keep the temperature inside the building at a comfortable level. The compressor, which is located on the exterior of the building, squeezes the refrigerant and moves it through a system called a condenser. The condenser then converts the refrigerant from a gas to a liquid. This liquid then moves to the evaporator.


There are different types of air-conditioning systems. Some of these are self-contained, while others require outdoor ventilation. In addition, there are also split-type systems, which serve multiple rooms or floors. In some cases, you may need to buy two or more units to cool a large space.

However, these systems are still quite expensive, so it is important to know your options. The basic purpose of these systems is to provide human comfort. This means controlling the temperature, humidity, and air motion are all customizable via human interaction.

These are important factors in a healthy environment. The other purpose of AC systems is to improve the manufacturing process and to maintain the quality of stored goods. AC systems are used in both residential and industrial settings to control the temperature and humidity of an indoor space.

There are two main types of AC systems. The first type is comfort AC. Comfort air conditioning systems aim to create an atmospheric condition that is conducive to human health, comfort, and efficiency. They are commonly used in homes, offices, retail outlets, hospitals, and schools. Listed below are some of the common types of AC systems.

Working Principle

Working Principle

AC works by pulling in hot air, processing it with a refrigerant, and returning it as cool air. This is the basic principle behind nearly every AC system. Although most people believe that air conditioners produce clean air, it also consumes electricity.

It is important to understand how AC actually works before you buy an AC system. AC uses various control systems to keep the evaporator and condenser at opposite temperatures. The evaporator is colder than the condenser, while the condenser is hotter than the room.

The refrigerant observes the heat in the room, observes the pressure, and ejects the heat out of the system. The pressure of the refrigerant is increased by a compressor and expansion valve. Some manufacturers also use a rotary compressor (https://en.wikipedia.org/Compressor). AC systems can also be divided into two types, namely, a DC system and a CC system.

For the former, a small plate above the top grid is used as a static pressure box. The air enters this chamber through a series of small holes, while the return air outlet is located in the lower portion of the room. In general, the DC system is better for hygienic conditions, but it is also inefficient and requires a large amount of electricity.

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